Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) looks at the here and now aspects of your difficulties, targeting the symptoms associated with them which stop you from living the life you want to live.
CBT focuses on understanding what is maintaining your emotional difficulties in terms of thinking patterns and behaviours. This understanding is then used to inform your individual treatment plan. CBT is a ‘doing’ therapy, rather than a talking therapy and involves using active methods to learn more about your difficulties in order to overcome them. It is also very much a collaborative approach involving working as a team member with your therapist.
CBT can be used to treat:
- Depression – persistent low mood which impacts on daily living.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – following a single event trauma – feelings of a traumatic incident not being in the past, along with easily and frequently triggered symptoms of reliving the traumatic event.
And anxiety disorders including:
- Agoraphobia – avoidance of places/situations from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing, or help may not be available in the event of having a panic attack
- Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) – preoccupation with perceived physical flaw(s)/defect(s), accompanied with repetitive behaviours.
- Excoriation disorder – repetitive and excessive skin picking.
- Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) – chronic, excessive and persistent, global worrying.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – repetitive behaviours that reduce the anxiety caused by distressing thoughts.
- Panic disorder – anxiety about having panic attacks (‘fear of fear’) and living life in a limited way to prevent further attacks.
- Social anxiety disorder – persistent anxiety about feeling embarrassed or making a fool of oneself in social situations.
- Specific phobias – excessive fear of something specific which interferes with daily living for example, situations (such as heights or driving), animals or insects, objects, blood, needles, vomit (this is not an exhaustive list).
- Trichotillomania – repetitive and excessive hair pulling.